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Gemstone Cabochons


Gemstone Cabochons Cabuchon Gemstones A cabochon or cabachon, from the Middle French caboche (head), is a gemstone which has been shaped and polished as opposed to faceted. The resulting form is usually a convex top with a flat bottom. Cutting en cabochon is usually applied to opaque gems, while facetting is usually applied to transparent stones. Hardness is also taken into account as softer gemstones with a hardness lower than 7 on the Mohs hardness scale are easily scratched, mainly by silicon dioxide in dust and grit. This would quickly make translucent gems unattractive—instead they are polished as cabochons, making the scratches less evident. In the case of asteriated stones such as star sapphires and chatoyant stones such as cat's eye chrysoberyl, a domed cabochon cut is used to show the star or eye, which would not be visible in a facetted cut. The usual shape for cutting cabochons is an ellipse. This is because the eye is less sensitive to small asymmetries in an ellipse, as opposed to a uniformly round shape, such as a circle, and because the elliptical shape, combined with the dome, is attractive.[why?] An exception is cabochons on some watches' crowns, which are round. A round sapphire cabochon on the crown of a men's dress watch. Amber pendants. The oval cabochon pendant is 52 by 32 mm (2 by 1.3 inches). The procedure is to cut a slab of the rough rock, then to stencil a shape from a template. The slab is then trimmed to near the marked line using a diamond blade saw—called a trim saw—and sometimes followed by "nibbling" to the line. The purpose of nibbling is to speed the shaping of the material when using silicon carbide grinding wheels. Most lapidary workshops and production facilities have moved away from silicon carbide to diamond grinding wheels or flat lap disks. Once the piece is trimmed and nibbled, it is usually mounted on a handle to assist manipulation. This procedure is called "dopping"; it is normally done by adhering the stone with hard wax onto a length of wooden dowel called a "dop stick". The piece is then ground to the template line, the back edges may be bevelled, and finally the top is sanded and polished to a uniform dome.Cabochon gemstones are the semi precious gemstone that has highly polished, extra smooth and round edges. Cabochon stone has the flat base and the convex top so the gemstone cabochon is a convex cut stone. It is usually the opaque and soft gemstone that is given the cabochon stone look. While making the cabochons gemstones the hardness of the stone is also taken into account. Cabochon cut is simple but yet brings out the texture and pattern of gemstones. Also the cabochon stone has not facets. But you will get different shapes of cabochon gemstones like round, pear, oval, teardrops etc. To show certain features of rocks and gemstones, jewelers also cut this into irregular shapes. Gemstone cabochon jewelry is very popular as the cabochon stone normally has inclusions that gives wonderful patterns to the cabochon jewelry .


Agate Cabochons
Amber Cabochons
Amethyst Cabochons
Aquamarine Cabochons
Black Star Cabochons
Cats Eye Cabochons
Charoite Cabochons
Citrine Cabochons
Coral Cabochons
Cornelian Cabochons
Crysocolla Cabochons
Crystal Cabochons
Dendrite Agate Cabochons
Dendrite Opal Cabochons
Druzy Stone Cabochons
Emerald Cabuchons
Fluorite Cabuchons
Fossil Coral Cabochons
Garnet Cabochons
Hematite Cabochons
Hessonite Cabochons
Jade Cabochons
Kyanite Cabochons
Labradorite Cabochons
Lapis Lazuli Cabochons
Malachite Cabochons
Moonstone Cabochons
Mother of Pearl Cabochons
Onyx Cabochons
Opal Cabochons
Pearl Cabochons
Peridot Cabuchons
Picture Jasper Cabochons
Rainbow Moonstone Cabochons
Rose Quartz Cabochons
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